Monday, December 2nd, 2013
Burns are one of the most common — and painful — types of injuries. If you sustain a major second degree or third degree burn, immediately call 911. For first degree or smaller second degree burns, such as those that cover less than 2 inches of skin, for instance, you can see a doctor for treatment and to make sure that it heals properly.
The most common complications involving burn injuries are related to infection. To prevent a burn wound from becoming infected, do not blow, breathe or cough on the affected area. Flush out bacteria by running cool water over the burn for at least 5 minutes, but only if the skin is unbroken.
Make sure that the water is not too cold and do not apply ice to the burn. Don’t immerse a severe burn in cold water, as this can cause shock, according to the National Institutes of Health. To sooth a minor burn once it has cooled down, you can gently apply a moisturizing lotion, such as one made from aloe, to the skin.
Seek medical attention if you are unsure of the severity of the burn. Don’t judge how bad a burn is based on how much it hurts — the most serious burns can be painless, because they affect deeper tissues and damage nerve endings.
Make sure that you don’t apply any medicated ointments or creams to a severe burn unless directed to do so by a doctor. Don’t try any household remedies, such as applying butter, honey, oil spray or vinegar to the burn, as these may do more harm than good. Carefully follow your doctor’s instructions for how to care for the burn in order to make sure that it heals correctly and does not become infected.
After flushing or soaking, cover the burn with a dry, sterile, non-adhesive bandage and make sure that you remove any clothing that is stuck to the skin. As the skin begins healing and repairing itself, avoid breaking open burn blisters and keep pressure off of the sensitive area.
Burn Care in Astoria
To learn more about treating and caring for a first or second degree burn, contact us today and schedule an appointment. Our offices are located in Astoria, and we can be reached at (718) 204-7550. We hope to hear from you soon.